Pokémon Go isn’t just about taking care of and leveling your Pokémon — it’s about your experience, too. You can gain levels as a trainer by catching Pokémon, exploring PokéStops, and battling at Gyms.
As you hit higher levels, you’ll be able to fight at gyms, gain access to higher-quality PokéBalls and other items, and help strengthen your Pokémon.
If you have a higher trainer level than the players at a rival Gym, you’ve got a better chance of taking it over. This is especially true when it comes to fighting multiple trainers to take over a single Gym.